Surrealism grew out of the Dada movement. the word “Dada” was randomly selected out of a dictionary. It fitted as it was a non-sense childish word. Dadaism situated itself mainly around New York, Switzerland, Germany and France. It was concerned with many creative art forms, including poetry, collage and literature. It started to disband in the 1920’s but revived itself as the Surrealism Movement shortly after. Beginning in Paris in 1924, the Surrealists took particular interest in dreams and the unconscious. They often searched junk shops and markets for unusual, strange objects they could incorporate in their art. Like Dadaism, Surrealism revolved around many different art forms, even affecting film and music. Its leader, Audre Breton, although creating some collage and sculptural works, was mainly a writer. 


Surrealism is related to Cubism as it is another form of abstract art. It didn’t distort the image and rearrange it as the Cubists done. Instead the abstraction lay in the subject matter. Picasso was also associated with the movement, though he was not a member. Another influence was by Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theories. Their works were also reactions to WW1, the devastation involved and the reasoning’s behind it.

SALVADOR DALI  (1904-1989)

The Persistence of Memory (1931)


Pocket watches are drooping and melting, folding round their surfaces like slices of cheese in the sun. Its an increadably strange sight seeing something of solid form acting in this way. The material in the centre looks like the skin off the side of some ones face, complete with eye lids and lashes.



This reminds me of the face in The Persistence of Memory. The skin here also give the image of material, sloping down. Or possibly even it melting as the end of the head trails off. There is a sense of great weight involved. Gravity is pushing the face downwards, and the weak, fragile sticks supporting it look as though they will give way at any moment. 

YVES TANGUY (1900-1955)

Indefinite Divisibility (1942)


I find this very intriguing. It was painted in 1942, the middle of WWII. I think it looks like structures made with metal sticks and disks held together with plasticine. They look like they could be some sort of insects with long spiky legs, there is something alive about them, even with their cold metal bodies.

RENE MAGRITTE (1898-1967)

The Listening Room (1953)


This apple is completely out of proportion, taking up an entire room. It reminds me of a dolls house, which makes me wonder what is going on here. Whether the apple is extremely large or the room is just very small. 


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